Posts Tagged ‘opioi use disorder’

Temporary Grace: the CURES Act

 

 

 

 

 

 

The 21st Century Cures Act, signed into law by President Obama late in his presidency, provided money to help people with opioid use disorder get treatment. In April of this year, states got this money, in the form of STR (state targeted response to the opioid crisis) grants. Eighty percent of this money is to be spent for treatment, meaning more people with opioid use disorder should be able to access treatment.

And this is happening.

In North Carolina, the money was allotted to LME/MCO organizations. These organizations also manage our Medicaid dollars in various regions of the state. As I understand it, these organizations help to decide which treatment programs receive CURES dollars.

Our opioid treatment program (OTP) immediately applied for access to this money for patients. Since we’ve already gone through the vetting process to be approved to accept Medicaid patients by our LME/MCO agency, it didn’t take long to become approved for CURES dollars.

We’ve admitted around eighty people on the CURES grant who had no other way to pay for treatment. To qualify for CURES, they needed to apply for Medicaid, and then bring in the refusal letter, saying that they didn’t qualify to receive Medicaid. (Being a red state, in North Carolina a person can be making very little money at their job and still not qualify for Medicaid.)

These eighty people, instead of having to pay their daily treatment fee, have it paid for them through the CURES grant.

This is fantastic. This is wonderful. We’ve re-admitted many patients who were in treatment with us in the past, but who dropped out for financial reasons. We’ve admitted patients with long-standing opioid use disorder who have never been able to afford treatment. It is thrilling to see these patients stop using opioids and start to engage in treatment. The great majority of patients admitted under CURES have shown improvement.

It’s not all been roses, though. Some of these patients are extremely ill with long-neglected mental and physical health issues. It’s been a challenge to find places to refer them for primary care. Some patients have burned bridges with many of the primary care doctors in the area. Others with serious health issues refuse to see a doctor. Substance use disorder isn’t the only disease with denial. I sense these patients are often scared to hear a bad diagnosis from a doctor, and prefer to ignore their ailments.

Some people admitted with CURES dollars have severe mental illness, to the point that it can interfere with treatment and affect other patients. We’ve tried to strike a balance between helping patients with serious mental illness, while still maintaining a safe and comfortable treatment program for our patients. Often these patients refuse to be referred to the facility that contracts with our LME to provide mental health care. In other words, their mental illness interferes with their ability to get care for their mental illness. It can be terribly frustrating. I’m not a psychiatrist, and I’m not qualified to help them with these serious conditions.

We’ve admitted a handful of homeless people with opioid use disorder under the CURES grant. Our small town has one facility that will house people for up to two weeks, so at best that’s a very short-term solution. We can refer them to neighboring towns, but they don’t have transportation to dose with us every day, so they must transfer their care for opioid use disorder to another facility approved for CURES money. Some homeless people would rather live outside in a familiar area than move to a different town. With winter coming, it’s a grave concern.

Our patient census shot up relatively quickly, and our OTP has growing pains. We are struggling to hire more personnel, particularly to reduce wait times for dosing. I don’t have time to see every patient as I would like to, so the company I work for is looking for a physician extender to help me.

As is human nature, some people try to take advantage of grant money. I’ve had a few “patients” start on sublingual buprenorphine, only to see them attempt to divert their dose. When I confront them, and tell them I’m no longer willing to prescribe buprenorphine but would be willing to switch them to methadone, they get angry and leave. I believe – but can’t prove – these people intended to get buprenorphine to sell on the black market, where it goes for around $30 for an 8mg tablet.

We also must live with the uncertainty that this grant could be snatched away by a president intent on undoing everything the last president did. I tell patients benefitting from the CURES grant to look at this opportunity as a temporary thing, and that if possible, they need to try to find a way to pay for treatment themselves if the grant falls through. I hope it doesn’t, but the future of healthcare overall is in a period of transition, and opioid use disorder treatment is no exception.

Our whole staff feels more stress, and I try to remind them – and myself – of the larger picture. Experts say only 10-20% of people with opioid use disorder are presently getting help for their illness, and now with CURES, I believe that we are reaching a chunk of those who haven’t had care in the past.

It’s an opportunity that I’ve never seen in the sixteen years I’ve worked treating opioid use disorder. Despite our growing pains, we will continue to do all we can to access treatment dollars for people who can’t afford it otherwise. This CURES program should have this same effect across the country, enabling people with opioid use disorder enter treatment, often for the first time.